By Abdul Rashid Agwan
In a breakthrough research in quantum physics, Dr. Ahmed Farag Ali of Benha University, Egypt, along with an India borne Professor Saurya Das of the University of Lethbridge, Canada, created a series of equations that describe a universe much like Hoyle’s; one without a beginning or end.
It is generally believed by the scientists, at least for many decades, that the universe has been created from a singularity, popularly called as ‘big bang’, supposedly happened 13.8 billion years back.
In a recent study, published in Physics Letters B., Ali and his collaborator Das have in fact took a u-turn as regards scientific understanding on the origin of universe and went back to the earlier suppositions that the universe is static in nature being not created by any such event as ‘big bang’, lastly defended by theoretical physicist David Hoyel around 1950.
“The Big Bang singularity is the most serious problem of general relativity because the laws of physics appear to break down there,” Ahmed Farag Ali at Benha University and the Zewail City of Science and Technology, both in Egypt, told Phys.org.
It is believed that “the Big Bang singularity arises directly and unavoidably from the mathematics of general relativity, some scientists see it as problematic because the math can explain only what happened immediately after—not at or before—the singularity.”
Religion, philosophy and science have been reflecting on the question how the universe was created or whether it was not created at all. Theoretical physicists have endorsed different contradictory models as regards the origin of the universe and still grappling with the problem without formulating any convincing answer so far. For the last 90 years different cosmological models found prevalence, but ‘big bang’ remained the most acceptable one.
Georges Lemaître first elucidated in 1927 that as the universe is constantly expanding, its expansion might be traced back in time to an originating single point, called ‘singularity’. “While the scientific community was once divided between supporters of two different expanding universe theories, the Big Bang and the Steady State theory, accumulated empirical evidence provides strong support for the former”, Krag says.
Ahmed Farag Ali and Saurya Das have regenerated the age old debate on the two competing but incompatible models prevalent for giving an existential description about the cosmos.
[A.R. Agwan is a writer on contemporary issues and author of many books including his recent thought-provoking work “Islam in 21st Century: The Dynamics of Change and Future-making”. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org]